Populism in conflict

Populism has become a buzzword in popular and media discourses in recent years. Academic debates on the concept of populism—what it is and isn’t, where to look for it and its normative prescription—has been highly contested. From minimal definitions to vernacular descriptions to propositions to drop the concept all together, a considerable but disparate field of study has emerged.

The economy weighs on sand

Humans, by a fallacious sense of ownership claim over the planet, have covered earth with more man-made mass than earth’s natural biomass. That’s saying something. It means that anthropogenic activities have been so drastic, so all-encompassing that in the year 2020 the produced and accumulated man-made objects far exceeded what the earth naturally generates. And it is believed that most of this built object, the infrastructure, and materials around us are made up of one core element, sand.

Mapping Global Sand

This report aims to contribute to the global debate on sand governance. It focuses on construction sand and maps three interrelated elements: (1) the global, regional and country specific trade in sand; (2) the current state of the social-scientific literature on sand extraction, as well as key policy reports (3) other governance efforts in the extractive industries, to provide jumping-off points for policy intervention on sand in light of sand-specific dynamics.

Le passé dans le présent

Le présent rapport analyse l’interaction entre les problèmes d’identité ethnique, la politique et les conflits dans l’est de la RDC, plus particulièrement dans le territoire de Kalehe et sur l’île d’Idjwi, dans la province du Sud-Kivu. Il démontre que ces liens sont ancrés dans des processus historiques à long terme.

The Past in the Present

Since colonization and throughout the independence period, ethnic iden- tity has played a major role in the politics and conflicts of the Democratic Republic of Congo. This report investigates how issues of ethnic identity intersect with politics and conflicts in eastern Congo, and particularly Kalehe territory and on Idjwi Island, South Kivu Province.

Politique violente et commerce silencieux

Ce rapport analyse les dynamiques de la coutume, la contrebande et la rébellion qui s’entrecroisent dans le territoire de Lubero en province du Nord-Kivu, dans l’est de la RDC. Le rapport explore les différentes émanations du pouvoir politique et économique dans une région souvent considérée comme non gouvernée et périphérique, par le biais de la gouvernance locale, la mobilisation armée et le commerce transnational des ressources.

Violent Politics and Silent Trade

This study offers an analysis of the intersecting dynamics of custom, contra- band and rebellion that mark Lubero territory in eastern Congo’s North Kivu province. Through the angles of local governance, armed mobilization and transnational resource trade, the report looks at different emanations of political and economic power in a region often considered ungoverned and peripheral.

Neither peace nor war?

This report investigates the security context in Kalehe territory in South Kivu from the time the FARDC conducted operations against the CNRD armed group in December 2019 until the resurgence of violence in the same area in May 2021. More than a year after the destruction of the CNRD strongholds in 2019, the report identifies three main security dynamics that have been reshaped.

Il en faut deux (ou plus) pour un Tango

Le présent rapport examine la politique de démobilisation en République démocratique du Congo. Il identifie les erreurs et présomptions relatives à la mobilisation armée et au DDR et se penche sur une perspective de combattant en vue de comprendre les facteurs qui influencent les décisions individuelles et collectives.

Ni paix, ni guerre ?

Ce rapport analyse le contexte sécuritaire dans le territoire de Kalehe au Sud-Kivu, depuis les opérations menées par les FARDC contre le CNRD en décembre 2019 et jusqu’à la résurgence des violences dans cette zone en mai 2021.