Neither peace nor war?

This report investigates the security context in Kalehe territory in South Kivu from the time the FARDC conducted operations against the CNRD armed group in December 2019 until the resurgence of violence in the same area in May 2021. More than a year after the destruction of the CNRD strongholds in 2019, the report identifies three main security dynamics that have been reshaped.

Roadblocks ‘at the rhythm of the country’

This report analyses the phenomenon of roadblocks in South Kivu, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Departing from a socio-anthropo- logical approach, the report argues that roadblocks are sites where a variety of state and non-state actors interact with each other and with the population.

Barrières Routières « au Rythme du Pays »

Ce rapport porte sur le phénomène des barrières routières au Sud-Kivu dans l’est de la République Démocratique du Congo. S’inspirant d’une approche socio-anthropologique, il soutient que les barrières érigées sur les routes sont des espaces de rencontre entre une diversité d’acteurs étatiques et non-étatiques interagissant entre eux et avec les populations.

Mayhem in the mountains

This report analyses the history and causes of the escalation of violence on the Hauts Plateaux, a mountainous area located in South Kivu Province, eastern Congo. It argues that this violence can be ascribed to four mechanisms.