This report analyses the security situation in North Kalehe, which is characterized by the presence of armed groups and the near absence of government military forces.
The Ruzizi Plain. A Crossroads of Conflict and Violence
The Ruzizi Plain in South Kivu Province has been the theatre of ongoing conflicts and violence for over two decades. Patterns and dynamics of conflicts and violence have significantly evolved over time. Historically, conflict dynamics have largely centred on disputed customary authority – often framed in terms of intercommunity conflict.